|Title||Patrons and Politics in Architectural History|
|Date/Time||Wednesday 6 July 2022: 11.15-12.45|
|Organiser||IMC Programming Committee|
|Moderator/Chair||Rose Walker, Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London|
|Paper 1101-a||The St Mary Cathedrals of Hamburg, Hildesheim, and Paderborn in the Early Middle Ages
Rona Ettlin, Institut für Geschichte / Institut für Katholische Theologie, Universität Hildesheim
Index Terms: Archaeology - Sites; Architecture - Religious; Ecclesiastical History
|Paper 1101-b||Mapping Mudéjar: A Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Architecture in Iberia
Elizabeth Dowker Hollinger, Independent Scholar, Wisconsin
Index Terms: Architecture - Religious; Crusades; Geography and Settlement Studies; Military History
|Paper 1101-c||St Stephen's (Vienna) and the Crises of 1408: Practice Theory and the Sociopolitics of the Medieval Building Site
Gabriel Byng, Institut für Kunstgeschichte, Universität Wien
Index Terms: Architecture - Religious; Social History
How were the cities of Hildesheim, Paderborn and Hamburg affected by the patronage of Mary the Virgin in their corresponding cathedrals? The questions is how the patronages, not only by the patronage of Mary, represented the relationship between the emperor and the imperial church in the Early and High Middle Ages. How was Mary worshipped in the cathedrals? What were the differences and similarities? What was the impact of the cathedrals on urban development and the citizens? To clarify this it is necessary to compare the written sources with the archaeological evidence and also to study the written sources for the cities.
As the Crusade 'frontier' zone expanded across the Iberian Peninsula, Mudéjar churches closely followed. Mudéjar is a stylistic category of architecture constructed for Christian or Jewish patrons in areas formerly under Islamic rule that scholars identify as having 'Islamic' aesthetic origins. My study leverages Geographic Information Systems (GIS) for a spatio-temporal analysis of Mudéjar churches. Settlement and construction patterns are revealed by analysing location, year(s) of construction, and patronage. Patterns are cross-referenced with historical records to reveal how architecture was levied to construct and reinforce borders, thus roughly mapping the expansion of the border zone between Christian and Muslim kingdoms.
Scholars have adopted a number of historiographical positions for positing medieval architecture as a political phenomenon, pointing to the unilateral acts of princes and churchmen, the dynamics of class conflict, the administrative techniques of project managers, and the unitive values of medieval society. This article argues instead for a 'flat' ontology of social practice, without abstract localisations of the political, as allowing the historian to conceptualise a medieval architectural sociopolitics without retrojecting grand analytical models. It discusses the crises undergone by Viennese politics in 1408 as a case study for how the building site, reconceptualised as a bundle of 'doings and sayings', both constituted and transformed the city.