Session527
TitleTexts and Identities, IV: Political Identities in the Carolingian Empire - Resources and Perceptions
Date/TimeTuesday 8 July 2014: 09.00-10.30
 
SponsorInstitut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien / Utrecht Centre for Medieval Studies, Universiteit Utrecht / Faculty of History, University of Cambridge
 
OrganiserE. T. Dailey
Gerda Heydemann, Geschichte der Spätantike und des frühen Mittelalters, Friedrich-Meinecke-Institut, Freie Universität Berlin
 
Moderator/ChairMayke de Jong, Utrecht Centre for Medieval Studies, Universiteit Utrecht
 
Paper 527-a Romanness before and after Empire
(Language: English)
Laury Sarti, Historisches Seminar, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg / Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Index Terms: Byzantine Studies; Politics and Diplomacy; Social History
Paper 527-b Reading Orosius in the Carolingian Empire
(Language: English)
Graeme Ward, Independent Scholar, Oxford
Index Terms: Ecclesiastical History; Historiography - Medieval; Language and Literature - Latin; Political Thought
Paper 527-c Instructions, Institutions, and Interpretation: Junillus Africanus in the Carolingian Period
(Language: English)
Marianne Pollheimer-Mohaupt, Institut für Mittelalterforschung, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien
Index Terms: Biblical Studies; Byzantine Studies; Ecclesiastical History; Political Thought
 
AbstractRomanness and Christianity were the two hallmarks on which the Carolingian idea of Empire was built. This session considers the uses of cultural resources and political traditions - both Roman and Christian - in the construction of imperial identity in the Carolingian period. Laury Sarti will analyse shifting Carolingian ideas of Romanness before and after the year 800, when Charlemagne was crowned emperor, in order to shed new light on the various actors' political strategies and the ideological implications of calling the Western emperor 'Roman'. Graeme Ward's paper likewise addresses the Romanness of the Carolingian empire, by analysing the reception of one of the key texts of Late Antique imperial historiography, Orosius's Historiae adversus paganos. It explores the cultural contexts in which Orosius's history was read, in order to assess the roles this text played in shaping Carolingian perceptions of the past. Marianne Pollheimer's paper further emphasizes the significance of Late Antique notions of a Christian empire in the Carolingian world. Her examination the manuscript transmission of the Instituta regularia divinae legis reveals the considerable interest of the Carolingian intellectual elite in this exegetical treatise written by the imperial quaestor Junillus Africanus during the reign of Justinian, a text in which religious and secular notions of law and governance converged. The reception of the Instituta, she argues, contributed not only to Carolingian biblical studies, but also to reflections about the imperial office and lawgiving.