TitlePerceptions of Foreign Regions, Countries, and Peoples, I: The Vikings
Date/TimeThursday 6 July 2017: 09.00-10.30
OrganiserIMC Programming Committee
Moderator/ChairBenjamin Allport, Institutt for arkeologi, konservering og historie, Universitetet i Oslo
Paper 1528-a The Vikings as the 'Others' in the Sources of Western Europe, 9th-11th Centuries
(Language: English)
Carlos Moya Córdoba, Departamento de Historia Medieval, Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Index Terms: Archives and Sources; Mentalities
Paper 1528-b Berserkir and the Vocabulary of Anger in the Íslendingasögur
(Language: English)
Roderick Dale, Centre for the Study of the Viking Age, University of Nottingham
Index Terms: Historiography - Modern Scholarship; Language and Literature - Scandinavian
Paper 1528-c North Sea Identities and Otherness in the Earliest Middle Ages
(Language: English)
Fabian Zuk, Centre d'études linguistiques, Université Jean Moulin Lyon III / Département d'histoire, Université de Montréal
Index Terms: Geography and Settlement Studies; Language and Literature - French or Occitan; Language and Literature - Other; Mentalities
AbstractPaper -a:
The purpose of this research is to identify how the concept of 'Viking' as the 'Others' in Western Europe was developed. The aim is to show both the similarities and differences of this concept in the different societies the Vikings made contact with. It will also show how in some cases the historical reality differs from what is narrated in some sources due to the bias of its authors. With the intention of achieving the most accurate result, only contemporary sources have been used, discarding later texts but less reliable and related to the ultimate goal of this article.

Paper -b:
The Old Norse berserkr is often described as other and monstrous, prone to frenzied anger when his violent nature is not properly controlled and directed by his lord. This paper discusses how this image has been constructed and developed since the 17th century and argues that it is not an accurate representation of berserkir in the Íslendingasögur. It examines the evidence for berserkir as warriors whose anger is heroic, controlled, and performed, rather than berserk, spontaneous, and uncontrolled, and considers this anger within a medieval European literary context to show that there is a common basis for the vocabulary of performed anger.

Paper -c:
This paper uses the oldest runic and textual evidence to demonstrate that the 'otherness' of gentes which we find as of the 6th century is poorly supported by the linguistic evidence, and this in a model where language is one of several indicators of identity. Indeed, the two contradictory psychological urges, belonging and distinctiveness, which drive communities to divide the social world into us and them, hold equally true in the Early Middle Ages where ethnogenesis remains one theory of group formation. When we distinguish Romans, Franks, Frisians, Alamanni, Saxons, Walla, etc., might we run the risk of imposing our conception of identity on these ancient peoples?