TitleMedievalists and the Climate Sciences, II: Natural Records as Historical Source Material, Human Consequences of Climate
Date/TimeTuesday 4 July 2017: 16.30-18.00
SponsorAbteilung für Wirtschafts-, Sozial- und Umweltgeschichte, Universität Bern
OrganiserHeli Huhtamaa, Historisches Institut / Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR), Universität Bern
Moderator/ChairChristian Rohr, Historisches Institut, Universität Bern
Paper 836-a Flooding Events in Premodern Nuremberg, 1400-1800: Combining Evidence from Written Sources and Stalagmites
(Language: English)
Maximilian Schuh, Friedrich-Meinecke-Institut, Freie Universität Berlin
Index Terms: Economics - Urban; Technology
Paper 836-b Crop Failures and Crises in Relation to Climate-Sensitive Tree-Ring Records in Medieval Finland and North-West Russia, 1100-1500
(Language: English)
Heli Huhtamaa, Historisches Institut / Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR), Universität Bern
Index Terms: Computing in Medieval Studies; Economics - General; Social History
Paper 836-c Violence and Conflict as a Consequence of Abrupt Climatic Changes and Extreme Weather in Medieval Ireland
(Language: English)
Francis Ludlow, Trinity Centre for Environmental Humanities, Trinity College Dublin
Index Terms: Geography and Settlement Studies; Social History
AbstractThe growing number, sophistication, and easier accessibility of detailed climate reconstructions have opened natural archives as a source for medievalists over recent decades. Alongside these new materials, new approaches to assessing the validity and reliability of the sources have emerged. With case studies of Nuremberg (Germany), North-West Europe, and Ireland, the second session reviews the opportunities and limitations of using natural archives such as stalagmite, tree-ring, and ice-core records as supplementary source materials in medieval studies. Moreover, the papers introduce a range of approaches to identify and quantify linkages between climate events and social crises, with the examples of floods, food crises, and violent conflicts over the three study regions.