Session533
TitleReligious Authority, I: Reforming the Sacred
Date/TimeTuesday 4 July 2017: 09.00-10.30
 
OrganiserMaroula Perisanidi, Institute for Medieval Studies, University of Leeds
 
Moderator/ChairJonathan Jarrett, Institute for Medieval Studies / School of History, University of Leeds
 
Paper 533-a Accessorising Holiness: Distinguishing Religious Authority through Belts in Late Antiquity
(Language: English)
Nikki Rollason, School of Ancient History & Archaeology, University of Leicester
Index Terms: Monasticism; Religious Life
Paper 533-b Clerical Celibacy and Clerical Reform, 800-1100
(Language: English)
David Barritt, Faculty of History, University of Oxford
Index Terms: Ecclesiastical History; Sexuality
Paper 533-c How Clerics Became 'Other' in the 11th and 12th Centuries: Tonsure and Ordination, 1000-1200
(Language: English)
Julia Steuart Barrow, Institute for Medieval Studies / School of History, University of Leeds / _Northern History_
Index Terms: Canon Law; Charters and Diplomatics; Ecclesiastical History; Hagiography
 
AbstractThis panel examines to what extent religious men were clearly separated from the laity by focusing on efforts to reform the former's appearance and morality. The first paper looks at late-antique monks and their use of belts as sartorial indicators of spiritual status. It suggests that monastic communes provided a kind of 'uniform' which separated monks and laity in both clothing and behaviour. The second paper examines moral reforms and in particular the issue of clerical marriage in the pre-Gregorian period. It questions whether clerical sexuality was already a dividing factor for Western clerics and their flocks. The third paper discusses tonsure and ordination as markers of clerical authority in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. It asks why their social and religious significance was downplayed despite ordination becoming recognised as a sacrament in this period.