|Title||Queenship, Agency, and Power|
|Date/Time||Tuesday 5 July 2022: 09.00-10.30|
|Organiser||IMC Programming Committee|
|Moderator/Chair||Elena Woodacre, Department of History, University of Winchester|
|Paper 517-a||Mercia versus Northumbria in Lindsey: The Role of Queens
Vanessa Jane King, Department of History, Classics & Archaeology, Birkbeck, University of London
Index Terms: Religious Life; Women's Studies
|Paper 517-b||The Legitimate One and Only: Legitimisation and Europeanisation of Norwegian Queenship in the 13th Century
Benjamin Husvik, Institutionen för historiska studier, Göteborgs universitet
Index Terms: Gender Studies; Politics and Diplomacy; Women's Studies
|Paper 517-c||The Jurisdiction of Portuguese Medieval Queens: The Queen's House (Casa das Rainhas) or the Construction of the Boundaries between Male and Female Royal Power
Teresa Rodrigues, Centro de Investigação de Teoria e História do Direito (THDULisboa), Universidade de Lisboa
Index Terms: Historiography - Medieval; Law; Women's Studies
|Paper 517-d||To Be Herself: The Singular Example of Queen Elisabeth of Portugal (1270-1336) - Iconographic Analysis of an Unpublished Painting of the Monastery of Odivelas
Sara Cristina Silva, Instituto de História de Arte, Universidade de Lisboa
Index Terms: Art History - General; Art History - Painting
This paper explores the role of queens in the 7th and early 8th centuries by focussing on their activities in Lindsey (modern-day Lincolnshire). Sandwiched between Northumbria and Mercia, its rulers competed for control of the former kingdom throughout the 7th century. Although much has been written about the part played by the early English church in the expansionist policies of kings, little has been written about the influence of queens in this process. This monograph will first consider the portrayal of royal wives by Bede and then look briefly at the careers of Aethelthryth (d. 679), wife of King Ecgfrith of Northumbria, and Osthryth (d. 697), wife of Aethelred, King of Mercia. Both women were involved in the foundation of religious houses in Lindsey.
The 13th century marked a rupture when it comes to the position of royal women in the kingdom of Norway. At the outset of the century, polygyny still reigned strong - towards its end, monogamous marriage seemingly became hegemonic. The legitimisation of the queen above other women played a crucial part in this transformation. This paper offers a systematic view of the evolution of queenship in Norway by asking how we should understand the aforementioned change, and how it relates to the broader European context. Topics of interest are which factors influenced what, and in what ways did the development affect the agency of royal women?
Our presentation seeks to identify the nature of the power of the Portuguese consort queens in the medieval period, namely through the constitution of the Queen's House, in which domains on certain lands with the consequent attribution and civil and criminal jurisdiction were allocated by the monarch, as well as with their own incomes and a body of officers distinct from the royal officials. The importance of this institution gave to the Queen-Consorts a real power to establish the boundaries of a personal patrimony and the royal heritage with the particularity of being transmitted from a queen to her successor. In addition to the autonomous support that the Queen's House gave to the queen's finances, it also implied that she had an active role in the affairs of the kingdom and not just she had a merely secondary role by securing the succession to throne.
The present proposal, about Queen Elisabeth of Portugal (1270-1336), seeks to understand the evolution of a singular medieval queen, by an iconographic analysis of an unpublished painting of the Monastery of Odivelas. Her life, example of virtuosity inherited from the example of her great-aunt Elisabeth of Hungary was not tarnished by the courageous decision to choose an eternal place different from her husband King Dinis (1261-1325). The painting from 17th century reveals how this queen achieved an important role in Portuguese history and the impact she archieved centuries after her death by her canonization by Pope Urban VIII and also by king Philip III who declares Queen Saint Elizabeth the patron saint of the Portuguese kingdom.