|Title||The Archaeology and Significance of Frontier Zones|
|Date/Time||Tuesday 5 July 2022: 09.00-10.30|
|Organiser||IMC Programming Committee|
|Moderator/Chair||Duncan Berryman, Centre for Community Archaeology, Queen's University Belfast|
|Paper 511-a||The Northern Frontier: Lincolnshire and Yorkshire during the Reign of King Stephen, 1135-1154
Ryan Michael Prescott, Department of History, University of Hull
Index Terms: Archaeology - General; Archaeology - Sites; Local History; Military History
|Paper 511-b||Gutenwerd: A Deserted Medieval Borough in Carniola, on the South-Eastern Border of the Holy Roman Empire
Tomaž Nabergoj, National Museum of Slovenia, Ljubljana
Index Terms: Archaeology - Artefacts; Archaeology - Sites; Economics - Trade; Economics - Urban
The reign of King Stephen (1135-1154) has long been condemned as a period of anarchy and chroniclers and historians have readily linked the emergence of unlicensed castles to its troubles. The 12th century has typically been studied using documentary sources, but an archaeological survey is still lacking. With the use of a Geographical Information System (GIS), this paper provides a greater insight into how the built environment was used and experienced. Though the region hosted the defining battles of the period, the archaeology indicates that the conflict between Stephen and Matilda did not have such a detrimental effect on its landscape.
The borough of Gutenwerd (Otok pri Dobravi, South-East Slovenia) in the bend of the Krka River was a feudal domain of the Freising Bishops. It is the only deserted medieval urban settlement in Slovenia that was found and researched by archaeologists (1967-1984). The excavated finds and structures reveal the daily life of people from the 12th century to 1473, when the Turks destroyed Gutenwerd. Documents show its changing importance in the Krka valley, its position along the regional livestock route, and at the same time near the important transit road between Italy and Hungary, as well as near the border between the Holy Roman Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary.