|Title||Rethinking 'Texts' on Textiles and Tapestries|
|Date/Time||Tuesday 5 July 2022: 11.15-12.45|
|Organiser||IMC Programming Committee|
|Moderator/Chair||Tina Anderlini, Centre d'Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (CESCM - UMR 7302), Université de Poitiers|
|Paper 641-a||Removing the 'Border Guards': Eugène Müntz and Aby Warburg on Tapestry
Julia LaPlaca, Department of History of Art, University of Michigan
Index Terms: Art History - Decorative Arts; Historiography - Medieval; Historiography - Modern Scholarship
|Paper 641-b||A New Timeline for the Appearance of Printed Textiles in Western Europe
Tonia R. Brown, Independent Scholar, Fairborn, Ohio
Index Terms: Archaeology - Artefacts; Art History - Decorative Arts; Economics - Trade; Printing History
This paper explores the tapestry scholarship of Eugène Müntz (1845-1902) and Aby Warburg (1866-1929). Both art historians recognised the unique ability of tapestries to be carriers of images (Warburg's term: Bilderfahrzeuge) throughout time and geographies, even though many tapestries bear the specific styles of late-medieval, Northern Europe. Studying tapestry became a catalyst for Müntz and Warburg in rethinking many of the traditional borders that have circumscribed tapestry scholarship and the field of European art history in general: the borders between Northern and Southern Europe, renaissance and medieval art, and the 'high' and 'decorative arts'.
Contemporary textbooks date the arrival of printed textiles in Western Europe through trade to the 6th century, a claim attributed to a textile fragment said to have been from India and buried with a saint in France in 542. This apocryphal story from the 19th century was published by the owner, a well-regarded collector at the time - whose collection has since been discredited as largely counterfeits or misattributions. New evidence and evolved thought from the past 120+ years are considered to re-evaluate the timeline as to when printed textiles were likely to have first arrived in Western Europe through trade.