|Title||Education across Borders|
|Date/Time||Wednesday 6 July 2022: 11.15-12.45|
|Organiser||IMC Programming Committee|
|Moderator/Chair||Sarah Bridget Lynch, Classical & Medieval Studies, Bates College, Maine|
|Paper 1131-a||Mobility and Higher Education in the Cities of the Holy Roman Empire, 1450-1650
Alexander James Collin, Amsterdam School of Historical Studies, Universiteit van Amsterdam
Index Terms: Economics - Urban; Education; Law; Religious Life
|Paper 1131-b||Educational Interactions and Moral 'Reform' in the Life of John of Gorze
Catherine Rosbrook, Vakgroep Geschiedenis, Universiteit Gent
Index Terms: Education; Hagiography; Monasticism; Religious Life
|Paper 1131-c||A Saint for Scholars: Devotion to St Nicholas at the Late Medieval University of Paris
Margaret Mary Summers, College of Arts & Sciences, Saint Louis University, Missouri
Index Terms: Hagiography; Lay Piety; Liturgy; Sermons and Preaching
This paper addresses the growth of mobile patterns of higher education in German cities in the Middle Ages. From the 15th to the 17th centuries, urban magistrates in the free cities of the Empire held ever increasing numbers of advanced university degrees. Urban culture held higher education in ever increasing esteem. Yet despite valuing education, and in some cases being richer than territorial princes, no city government founded a university. Instead they relied on travel to institutions sponsored by princes. I assess the relative effects of the Reformation, economic change, and political affiliation in explaining these patterns of educational migration.
The paucity of theoretical treatises and normative commentaries on religious morality from the 10th-century West has previously been attributed to a decline in interest in this subject among contemporaries. This paper draws upon the 970s-980s Life of John of Gorze to offer an alternative explanation, by drawing attention to the text's numerous references to how reform agents imparted new ideas about moral expression through one-on-one interactions. The author's detailed descriptions are suggestive of a wish to educate his audience about the significance of such interactions, where educators could exemplify ideal lifestyles and supervise the experimentation of certain behaviours.
Nicholas, a legendary 4th-century bishop, became one of the most popular saints at the late medieval University of Paris. Earlier legends of Nicholas portrayed him as a pious, humble cleric who helped children. Drawing on these traditions, the masters and scholars of Paris claimed Nicholas as a special patron for the young, clerical students of their city. Using documentary sources, sermons, and scholastic and liturgical texts, this paper shows that Parisian scholastics valued the virtues that Nicholas had traditionally represented: almsgiving, temperance, and humility - while highlighting the relevance of these virtues to their own social and intellectual locale, late medieval Paris.